Appreciation of the Sublime, English influence on American landscape painting

Boscobel, September 2013, Built circa 1804-1806 by States Dyckman after coming back to America with visions of English Palladian Architecture

Modern Day Vista from Boscobel after being relocated to Garrison NY in the mid 1950's.

Charles H. Moore (1840-1930), New York Harbor Sunrise, Vassar College Art Museum

Bluffs of Weehawken where Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton had the fatal duel of 1804

David Johnson (1827-1908), Palisades and the Hudson River, 1870

View from Alpine Overlook

Arthur Parton (1842-1914), Icy Morning, 1890. Parton painted in the UK before settling down in Yonkers, NY. His brother's work hangs in the Tate.

Icy Morning, Yonkers Ferry Terminal, January 2013

George Harvey (1800-1878), Sunnyside, 1838. British born George Harvey designed Washington Irving's home.

Sunnyside, 2010

Sanford Gifford (1823-1880), Haverstraw Bay, Terra Coll., IL. Gifford went to UK the 1850's where he assimilated the styles of Turner then Corot

Scarborough Station View of Hook Mountain, January 2013

William R. Miller (1818-1893), Sing Sing, 1880. British born Miller moved to the USA and became one of the leading watercolorists.

Modern Day Sing sing is now called Ossining with this northernmost location a view of the Croton River and Van Cortland Manor, HHV

Sanford Gifford (1823-1880), Hook Mountain, 1866, YUAG. A sombre masterpiece done by the artist just after the American Civil War.

Modern day view from the Harmon yards and Croton Point

Victor deGrailley (1810-1888), Anthony's Nose on the Hudson. A Frenchman who never came here DeGrailley's work were images of an American Grand Tour.

View from the Old Dunderberg Mountain Road looking at Anthony's Nose

Frederic Church (1826-1900), West Point, 1881. An American icon his works were avidly bought by British collectors in the 19th Century.

View from Osborn Castle in Garrison, NY October 2009

John F. Kensett (1816-1872), View from Cozzens, 1862, NYHS. Kensett lived in the UK for almost a decade in the 1840's.

View from the West Point Museum. Cozzen's Hotel demolished circa 1960.

Thomas Cole (1801-1848), Ruins of Fort Putnam, 1825. Born in Lancashire Cole emigrated to the USA in 1819 after the famine stricken summers 1816&1817

View of Fort Putnam, 2012

David Johnson (1827-1908), View from Fort Putnam, 1867

View of the Hudson from Trophy Point

Thomas Cole (1801-1848), Storm King. The first painting of the Hudson River School it shows the arrival in America of the Romantic Movement.

Storm King, 2012, preserved by decades worth of environmental litigation as a natural monument to be preserved from industrial development.

Charles Moore (1840-1930), Down the River to West Point, 1863, Vassar College Art Museum

Breakneck Ridge Train Station, Atumn, 2006

Jasper Cropsey (1823-1900), Gates of the Hudson, 1871. In London Cropsey's Autumn on the Hudson, 1861 the colors stunned the critics into disbelief

View from Denning's Point. Not only did Cropsey paint from here, this was also where Alexander Hamilton wrote the Federalist Papers in 1783..

Louis Remy Mignot (1831-1870), Fishkill Mountains, Mignot moved to London at the outbreak of the Civil War. He died in the UK.

Modern day vista of where Mignot painted, near Stewart Air Force Base, Newburgh, NY

Asher B. Durand (1796-1886), Beacon Hills from Newburgh, NYHS. Durand moved to Newburgh in 1849.

View of Mount Beacon from Washington's Headquarters, Newburgh, September 2012

Johann Herman Carmiencke (1811-1867), View from Hyde Park, 1857

View from Hyde Park, about a mile north of FDR's home where the King George VI visited President Roosevelt in 1939.

Francis Silva (1836-1886), Tappan Zee, 1876, Brooklyn Museum. The best argument for art historians getting out of museums and visiting actual sites

View of Esopus Meadows Lightouse from Mills Mansion, Staatsburg, NY, seventy miles north of the Tappan Zee.

Frederic Church (1826-1900), View from Olana. After selling Icebergs of the North to a British Collector Church devoted his energies to his home Olana

Winter view from Olana, 2013

Thomas Cole (1801-1848), Twin Lakes, Catskills, Brooklyn Museum. Upon arriving from England Cole felt that America had a chance to be a new Eden.

Catskill Mountain House burned by NY State in January 1963, the area has reverted to an even more primieval state than when Cole lived here.

Thomas Cole (1801-1848), Lake with Dead Trees, 1825, Oberlin Art Museum. One of the first three reviewed works by Cole, it shaped history in art.

South Lake, 2010.


SENATE RESOLUTION 278, Exhibition in the Rayburn Congressional Office Building Foyer, Feb 14, 2013

Honoring the Hudson River School painters for their contributions to the United States. Whereas the Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement led by a group of landscape painters, whose aesthetic vision was influenced by the romanticism movement; Whereas the Hudson River School is considered the first school of American art; Whereas the major Hudson River School painters included Thomas Cole, Frederic Edwin Church, Asher Brown Durand, Jasper Francis Cropsey, Sanford Robinson Gifford, Albert Bierstadt, John Frederick Kensett, George Inness, Worthington Whittredge, and Thomas Moran; Whereas the Hudson River School paintings captured the striking landscape and sweeping natural beauty of the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding New York areas, including the Catskill, the Adirondack, and the White Mountains; Whereas Hudson River School paintings served a vital role in cultivating American identity in the mid-19th century and creating a sense of awe of the American landscape that endures to this day; Whereas the Hudson River School painters influenced the environmental conservation movement and the establishment of the National Park System under President Theodore Roosevelt; Whereas the Hudson River School's portrayal of the Hudson River Valley is a major source of tourism in the region; Whereas 2009 marks the 400th anniversary of the voyages of discovery made by Henry Hudson and Samuel de Champlain, recognizing the important role that the Hudson River and the Hudson Valley played in the development and growth of the United States; Whereas the Hudson River School painters depicted the Hudson River Valley during the opening of the Erie Canal, which linked the Hudson River with the Great Lakes and created a main trade route from New York that fostered the city's central place in the American economy; Whereas the Hudson River School painters celebrated the ideals of American democracy, individuality, and progress; Whereas the Hudson River School painters illustrated themes such as nature, conservation, civility, unity, education, family, chivalry, and development; Whereas the Hudson River School painters expressed the sense that every generation of Americans should seek to preserve the naturalness of the continent; and Whereas the Hudson River School painters accentuated the cardinal values of the 19th century, which can assist contemporary Americans in the rebirth of American culture: Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Senate recognizes and honors the Hudson River School painters for their contributions to the United States.



GPS Guide to where the Hudson River School Painted,

to use on your Droid or iPhone via Mobile Google-Earth click here



Guide to where the Hudson River School artists painted

In New Hampshire and Maine


Free W-Fi Guide to Boston's Freedom Trail and Old Granary

adapted for iPhones and Android GPS use


GE Guide to Where van Gogh Painted:

Van Gogh's last years 1888-1890, Arles, St. Remy and Auvers